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Jeff Sutherland

Twice the Energy with Half the Stress

EM FAQ: Can electromagnetic frequencies affect biochemical processes in the cell?

The answer is yes, either positively or negatively, depending on state of the cell, electromagnetic frequency, and timing.

Zeeman-Stark modeling of the RF EMF interaction with ligand binding

A. Chiabrera, B. Bianco, E. Moggia, J.J. Kaufman

Bioelectromagnetics, Volume 21, Issue 4 , Pages 312 – 324, © 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.


The influence of radiofrequency electromagnetic exposure on ligand binding to hydrophobic receptor proteins is a plausible early event of the interaction mechanism. A comprehensive quantum Zeeman-Stark model has been developed which takes into account the energy losses of the ligand ion due to its collisions inside the receptor crevice, the attracting nonlinear endogenous force due to the potential energy of the ion in the binding site, the out of equilibrium state of the ligand-receptor system due to the basal cell metabolism, and the thermal noise. The biophysical output is the change of the ligand binding probability that, in some instances, may be affected by a suitable low intensity exogenous electromagnetic input exposure, e.g., if the depth of the potential energy well of a putative receptor protein matches the energy of the radiofrequency photon. These results point toward both the possibility of the electromagnetic control of biochemical processes and the need for a new database of safety standards.